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Tithis

In vedic timekeeping, a Tithi (also spelled thithi) is a lunar day. Tithis begin at varying times of day and vary in duration from approximately 19 to approximately 26 hours.

A Hindu muhurtha (moment) can be represented in five attributes of hindu astronomy namely, vara the weekday, tithi, nakshatra the moon's asterism, yoga the angular relationship between Sun and Moon and karana half of tithi.


Tithi plays an important role along with nakshatra in Hindu's daily as well as special activities in selecting the muhurtha. There are 'good' tithis as well as 'bad' tithis.

There are 30 tithis in each lunar month, named as:

Krishna Paksha Shukla Paksha Deity and properties
Pratipad Pratipad    The presiding deity of the first lunar day is Agni and it is good for all types of auspicious and religious ceremonies
Dwitiya Dwitiya Vidhatr or Bramha rules this lunar day and is good for the laying of foundations for buildings and other things of a permanent nature.
Tritiya Tritiya Tritiya Gauri is the lord of this day and is good for the cuttings of one's hair and nails and shaving.
Chaturthi Chaturthi Chaturthi Yama/Ganapati is lord of the 4th lunar day, which is good for the destruction of one's enemies, the removal of obstacles, and acts of combat.
Panchami Panchami The Naaga or Serpents rules this day, which is favourable for administering medicine, the purging of poisons, and surgery.
Shashti Shashti Karttikeya presides over this day and is favourable for coronations, meeting new friends, festivities, and enjoyment.
Saptami Saptami The 7th lunar day is ruled by Surya; one may begin a journey, buy conveyances, and deal with other such things as a movable nature.
Ashtami Ashtami The Rudra rule this day, which is good for taking up arms, building of one's defenses, and fortification.
Navami Navami The Ambikaa rules this day, with is suitable for killing enemies, acts of destruction, and violence.
Dasami Dasami The day is ruled by Dharmaraja and is auspicious for acts of virtue, religious functions, spiritual practices, and other pious activities.
Ekadasi Ekadasi Rudra rule this day; fasting, devotional activities, and remembrance of the Supreme Lord are very favourable. This day has special religious significance in Hinduism and Jainism: usually observed by fasting
Dvadasi Dwadashi The Vishnu or Aditya rules this day, which is auspicious for religious ceremonies the lighting of the sacred fire, and the performance of one's duties.
Trayodasi Thrayodashi The day is ruled by Cupid and is good for forming friendships, sensual pleasures, and festivities.
Chaturdashi Chaturdashi Kali rules this day suitable for administering poison and calling of elementals and spirits.
Amavasya Purnima The Pitru-devas rule the New Moon suitable for the propitiation of the Manes and performance of austerities. Purnima is ruled by Moon and suitable for merry making, fire sacrifice.

 

September 2013 - Fast and Festivals
 

Date Fasts and Festivals Hindu Tithi
1st Aja Ekadashi Fast Bhadrapad Krishna Ekadashi (11)
2nd Vatsa Dwadashi Puja, Som Pradosh Fast Bhadrapad Krishna Trayodashi (13)
3rd Monthly Shivaratri Fast, Pradosh Fast, Commencement of Kailash Yatra Bhadrapad Krishna Trayodashi (13)
5th Kushagrahani Pithori Amavasya, Kushopatnama Bhadrapad Amavasya (30)
6th Commencement of Bhadrapad Shukla Paksha Bhadrapad Shukla Pratipada (1)
7th Chandra Darshan, Samvedi Upakrama Bhadrapad Shukla Dwitiya (2)
8th Haritalinka Tritiya Fast, Gauri Teej, Shri Varaha Jayanti Bhadrapad Shukla Tritiya (3)
9th Siddhi Vinayaka Fast, Kalank Chaturthi Fast, Pathar Chauth Bhadrapad Shukla Chaturthi (4)
10th Rishi Panchami, Samvatsari Mahaparva (Jain) Bhadrapad Shukla Panchami (5)
11th Surya Shashti Fast, Muktabharam Santan Saptami Fast Bhadrapad Shukla Shashthi (6)
12th Radha Ashtami Fast, Commencement of Shri Mahalakshmi Fast (Sunrice Vyapini) Bhadrapad Shukla Saptami (7)
13th Dadhichi Jayanti, Shri Mahalakshmi Fast Bhadrapad Shukla Ashtami (8)
14th Shri Chandra Navami, Commencement of Shri Bhagmwat Week Bhadrapad Shukla Navami (9)
15th Padya Ekadashi Fast (Smarta), Commencement of Vishnu Shrankhla Yoga (24:19) Bhadrapad Shukla Ekadashi (11)
16th Padya Ekadashi Fast (Vaishnav), Vamana Jayanti, Shravana Dwadashi, Ashwin Sankranti, Vishnu Shrankhla Yoga Bhadrapad Shukla Dadashi (12)
17th Bhaum Pradosh Fast, Vishwakarma Pujan, Commencement of Panchak (09:32) Bhadrapad Shukla Trayodashi (13)
18th Anant Chaturdashi Fast, Kadali Fast, Sodhal Fair (Jalandhar) Bhadrapad Shukla Chaturdashi (14)
19th Bhadrapad Purnima, Shri Satya Narayana Fast, Commencement of Proshtapadi Mahalaya Sharadha, Purnima Sharadha Bhadrapad Purnima (15)
20th Commencement of Pitrapaksha, Pratipada Sharaddha Ashwin Krishna Pratipada (1)
21st Dwitiya Sharaddha, Tritiya Shraddha, End of Panchak (17:10) Ashwin Krishna Dwitiya (2)
22nd Tritiya Shraddha (until 14:16 hrs), Shri Ganesha Chaturthi Fast Ashwin Krishna Tritiya (3)
23rd Chaturthi Shraddha, Commencement of Shak Ashwin Ashwin Krishna Chaturthi (4)
24th Panchami Shraddha Ashwin Krishna Panchami (5)
25th Shashti Shraddha Ashwin Krishna Shashthi (6)
26th Saptami Shraddha Ashwin Krishna Saptami (7)
27th End of Shri Mahalakshmi Fast, Jivitputrika Fast, Ashtami Shraddha Ashwin Krishna Ashtami (8)
28th Saubhagyavatinam Shraddha Matra Navami, Shraddha Navami Ashwin Krishna Navami (9)
29th Dashami Shraddha Ashwin Krishna Dashmi (10)
30th Ekadashi Shraddha, Indira Ekadashi Fast (Smarta) Ashwin Krishna Ekadashi (11)

 

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